Polygenic risk scores for smoking: predictors for alcohol and cannabis use?

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aims: A strong correlation exists between smoking and the use of alcohol and cannabis. This paper uses polygenic risk scores to explore the possibility of overlapping genetic factors. Those scores reflect a combined effect of selected risk alleles for smoking. Methods: Summary-level P-values were available for smoking initiation, age at onset of smoking, cigarettes per day and smoking cessation from the Tobacco and Genetics Consortium (n between 22000 and 70000 subjects). Using different P-value thresholds (0.1, 0.2 and 0.5) from the meta-analysis, sets of 'risk alleles' were defined and used to generate a polygenic risk score (weighted sum of the alleles) for each subject in an independent target sample from the Netherlands Twin Register (n=1583). The association between polygenic smoking scores and alcohol/cannabis use was investigated with regression analysis. Results: The polygenic scores for 'cigarettes per day' were associated significantly with the number of glasses alcohol per week (P=0.005, R
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141-1151
Number of pages11
JournalAddiction
Volume109
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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