Positive effects of imagery on shooting performance of police officers under threat

L. Colin, A. Visser, A. Nieuwenhuys, R.R.D. Oudejans

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    We investigated the effects of imagery on police officers' shooting performance under threat. To this end, 66 officers executed a realistic shooting exercise against an opponent that initially did not shoot back with painful coloured-soap cartridges (low-threat condition) followed by a condition in which he did [high-threat (HT) condition]. In between conditions, participants performed an imagery intervention: one group imagined 'successful shot execution' and one imagined 'successful shot execution under threat, including the accompanying emotions'; a control group received no imagery intervention. Although for the control group shot accuracy was significantly lower in the HT condition than under low-threat conditions, both imagery groups were able to maintain their shot accuracy in the HT condition, despite increased levels of anxiety. It is concluded that focusing on successful shot execution is pivotal, whereas adding emotional statements does not seem to have an additional positive effect. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages115-121
    JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
    Volume28
    Issue number1
    Early online date11 Nov 2013
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    Imagery (Psychotherapy)
    Police
    Soaps
    Control Groups
    Nuclear Family
    Emotions
    Anxiety
    Exercise
    Threat
    Imagery

    Cite this

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    title = "Positive effects of imagery on shooting performance of police officers under threat",
    abstract = "We investigated the effects of imagery on police officers' shooting performance under threat. To this end, 66 officers executed a realistic shooting exercise against an opponent that initially did not shoot back with painful coloured-soap cartridges (low-threat condition) followed by a condition in which he did [high-threat (HT) condition]. In between conditions, participants performed an imagery intervention: one group imagined 'successful shot execution' and one imagined 'successful shot execution under threat, including the accompanying emotions'; a control group received no imagery intervention. Although for the control group shot accuracy was significantly lower in the HT condition than under low-threat conditions, both imagery groups were able to maintain their shot accuracy in the HT condition, despite increased levels of anxiety. It is concluded that focusing on successful shot execution is pivotal, whereas adding emotional statements does not seem to have an additional positive effect. {\circledC} 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.",
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    Positive effects of imagery on shooting performance of police officers under threat. / Colin, L.; Visser, A.; Nieuwenhuys, A.; Oudejans, R.R.D.

    In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2014, p. 115-121.

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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