Poverty dynamics in India between 2004 and 2012: Insights from longitudinal analysis using synthetic panel data

Hai Anh H. Dang, Peter F. Lanjouw

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Recent National Sample Surveys point to significant poverty reduction in India since 2004–5, with a marked acceleration between 2009–10 and 2011–12. We employ new statistical methods to convert the three pertinent National Sample Survey rounds into synthetic panels, which help reveal original findings on important aspects of income mobility between 2004–5 and 2011–12. In particular, we document a strong pattern of upward mobility out of poverty, with a noticeable acceleration between 2009–10 and 2011–12. We examine some of the key household characteristics of those who have managed to escape poverty and contrast these with those who have fallen into an undesirable welfare status during these periods. We further undertake a careful investigation into the comparability of the survey rounds, prompted by the observation that fairly significant modifications had been made to survey questionnaires. Our findings suggest that changes in questionnaire design have not compromised the comparability of the data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-170
Number of pages40
JournalEconomic Development and Cultural Change
Volume67
Issue number1
Early online date8 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

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panel data
poverty
India
questionnaire survey
questionnaire
statistical method
income
welfare
analysis
Poverty
Poverty dynamics
Longitudinal analysis
Sample survey
Panel data
Questionnaire design
Questionnaire survey
Statistical methods
Income mobility
Household
Poverty reduction

Cite this

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abstract = "Recent National Sample Surveys point to significant poverty reduction in India since 2004–5, with a marked acceleration between 2009–10 and 2011–12. We employ new statistical methods to convert the three pertinent National Sample Survey rounds into synthetic panels, which help reveal original findings on important aspects of income mobility between 2004–5 and 2011–12. In particular, we document a strong pattern of upward mobility out of poverty, with a noticeable acceleration between 2009–10 and 2011–12. We examine some of the key household characteristics of those who have managed to escape poverty and contrast these with those who have fallen into an undesirable welfare status during these periods. We further undertake a careful investigation into the comparability of the survey rounds, prompted by the observation that fairly significant modifications had been made to survey questionnaires. Our findings suggest that changes in questionnaire design have not compromised the comparability of the data.",
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Poverty dynamics in India between 2004 and 2012 : Insights from longitudinal analysis using synthetic panel data. / Dang, Hai Anh H.; Lanjouw, Peter F.

In: Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 67, No. 1, 10.2018, p. 131-170.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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