Predicting multicultural effectiveness of international students: The Multicultural Personality Questionnaire

Jan Pieter Van Oudenhoven*, K.I. Van der Zee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The present study considered the reliability and validity of the 78-item revised version of the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire, a multidimensional instrument aimed at measuring multicultural effectiveness of expatriate employees and students. The questionnaire includes scales for cultural empathy, open-mindedness, emotional stability, social initiative and flexibility. Participants were native and foreign students of an international business school (N = 171) in the Netherlands. The MPQ scales appeared to be more strongly predictive of adjustment of international students as compared to native students. Moreover, the instrument was able to explain variance in students' adjustment beyond self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-694
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002


  • Cultural empathy
  • Emotional stability
  • Flexibility
  • International students
  • Multicultural effectiveness
  • Multicultural Personality Questionnaire
  • Open-mindedness
  • Social initiative


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