Predicting working beyond retirement in the Netherlands: An interdisciplinary approach involving occupational epidemiology and economics

Micky Scharn, Allard J van der Beek, Martijn Huisman, Astrid de Wind, Maarten Lindeboom, Chris Tm Elbers, Goedele A Geuskens, Cécile Rl Boot

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives No study so far has combined register-based socioeconomic information with self-reported information on health, demographics, work characteristics, and the social environment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and social environmental characteristics independently predict working beyond retirement. Methods Questionnaire data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were linked to data from Statistics Netherlands. A prediction model was built consisting of the following blocks: socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and the social environment. First, univariate analyses were performed (P0<.15), followed by correlations and logistic multivariate regression analyses with backward selection per block (P0<.15). All remaining factors were combined into one final model (P0<.05). Results In the final model, only factors from the blocks health, work and social environmental characteristics remained. Better physical health, being intensively physically active for >2 days/week, higher body height, and working in healthcare predicted working beyond retirement. If respondents had a permanent contract or worked in handcraft, or had a partner that did not like them to work until the official retirement age, they were less likely to work beyond retirement. Conclusion Health, work characteristics and social environment predicted working beyond retirement, but register-based socioeconomic and demographic characteristics did not independently predict working beyond retirement. This study shows that working beyond retirement is multifactorial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-336
Number of pages11
JournalScandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

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Retirement
Netherlands
Epidemiology
Economics
Social Environment
Demography
Health
Body Height
Contracts
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Age Factors
  • Employment
  • Female
  • Health Occupations
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Intention
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation
  • Netherlands
  • Occupational Health
  • Retirement
  • Social Environment
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Journal Article

Cite this

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title = "Predicting working beyond retirement in the Netherlands: An interdisciplinary approach involving occupational epidemiology and economics",
abstract = "Objectives No study so far has combined register-based socioeconomic information with self-reported information on health, demographics, work characteristics, and the social environment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and social environmental characteristics independently predict working beyond retirement. Methods Questionnaire data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were linked to data from Statistics Netherlands. A prediction model was built consisting of the following blocks: socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and the social environment. First, univariate analyses were performed (P0<.15), followed by correlations and logistic multivariate regression analyses with backward selection per block (P0<.15). All remaining factors were combined into one final model (P0<.05). Results In the final model, only factors from the blocks health, work and social environmental characteristics remained. Better physical health, being intensively physically active for >2 days/week, higher body height, and working in healthcare predicted working beyond retirement. If respondents had a permanent contract or worked in handcraft, or had a partner that did not like them to work until the official retirement age, they were less likely to work beyond retirement. Conclusion Health, work characteristics and social environment predicted working beyond retirement, but register-based socioeconomic and demographic characteristics did not independently predict working beyond retirement. This study shows that working beyond retirement is multifactorial.",
keywords = "Age Factors, Employment, Female, Health Occupations, Health Status, Humans, Intention, Male, Middle Aged, Motivation, Netherlands, Occupational Health, Retirement, Social Environment, Surveys and Questionnaires, Journal Article",
author = "Micky Scharn and {van der Beek}, {Allard J} and Martijn Huisman and {de Wind}, Astrid and Maarten Lindeboom and Elbers, {Chris Tm} and Geuskens, {Goedele A} and Boot, {C{\'e}cile Rl}",
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journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health",
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Predicting working beyond retirement in the Netherlands : An interdisciplinary approach involving occupational epidemiology and economics. / Scharn, Micky; van der Beek, Allard J; Huisman, Martijn; de Wind, Astrid; Lindeboom, Maarten; Elbers, Chris Tm; Geuskens, Goedele A; Boot, Cécile Rl.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Vol. 43, No. 4, 01.07.2017, p. 326-336.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting working beyond retirement in the Netherlands

T2 - An interdisciplinary approach involving occupational epidemiology and economics

AU - Scharn, Micky

AU - van der Beek, Allard J

AU - Huisman, Martijn

AU - de Wind, Astrid

AU - Lindeboom, Maarten

AU - Elbers, Chris Tm

AU - Geuskens, Goedele A

AU - Boot, Cécile Rl

PY - 2017/7/1

Y1 - 2017/7/1

N2 - Objectives No study so far has combined register-based socioeconomic information with self-reported information on health, demographics, work characteristics, and the social environment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and social environmental characteristics independently predict working beyond retirement. Methods Questionnaire data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were linked to data from Statistics Netherlands. A prediction model was built consisting of the following blocks: socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and the social environment. First, univariate analyses were performed (P0<.15), followed by correlations and logistic multivariate regression analyses with backward selection per block (P0<.15). All remaining factors were combined into one final model (P0<.05). Results In the final model, only factors from the blocks health, work and social environmental characteristics remained. Better physical health, being intensively physically active for >2 days/week, higher body height, and working in healthcare predicted working beyond retirement. If respondents had a permanent contract or worked in handcraft, or had a partner that did not like them to work until the official retirement age, they were less likely to work beyond retirement. Conclusion Health, work characteristics and social environment predicted working beyond retirement, but register-based socioeconomic and demographic characteristics did not independently predict working beyond retirement. This study shows that working beyond retirement is multifactorial.

AB - Objectives No study so far has combined register-based socioeconomic information with self-reported information on health, demographics, work characteristics, and the social environment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and social environmental characteristics independently predict working beyond retirement. Methods Questionnaire data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were linked to data from Statistics Netherlands. A prediction model was built consisting of the following blocks: socioeconomic, health, demographic, work characteristics and the social environment. First, univariate analyses were performed (P0<.15), followed by correlations and logistic multivariate regression analyses with backward selection per block (P0<.15). All remaining factors were combined into one final model (P0<.05). Results In the final model, only factors from the blocks health, work and social environmental characteristics remained. Better physical health, being intensively physically active for >2 days/week, higher body height, and working in healthcare predicted working beyond retirement. If respondents had a permanent contract or worked in handcraft, or had a partner that did not like them to work until the official retirement age, they were less likely to work beyond retirement. Conclusion Health, work characteristics and social environment predicted working beyond retirement, but register-based socioeconomic and demographic characteristics did not independently predict working beyond retirement. This study shows that working beyond retirement is multifactorial.

KW - Age Factors

KW - Employment

KW - Female

KW - Health Occupations

KW - Health Status

KW - Humans

KW - Intention

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Motivation

KW - Netherlands

KW - Occupational Health

KW - Retirement

KW - Social Environment

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Journal Article

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DO - 10.5271/sjweh.3649

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 326

EP - 336

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health

SN - 0355-3140

IS - 4

ER -