Prenatal changes in parenting self-efficacy: Linkages with anxiety and depressive symptoms in primiparous women

J.J. Wernand, F.C. Kunseler, M. Oosterman, A.T.F. Beekman, C. Schuengel

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of the study was to examine parenting self-efficacy in relation to depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy. Five hundred thirty-three first-time pregnant women completed questionnaires at 12, 22, and 32 weeks of pregnancy that measure parenting self-efficacy, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Parenting self-efficacy increased slightly but significantly over the course of pregnancy. Higher levels of depressive symptoms as well as state and trait anxiety symptoms were related to lower expectations of parenting self-efficacy at all time points, but only anxiety symptoms uniquely predicted parenting self-efficacy. Higher levels of anxiety symptoms in the first trimester predicted less positive change in parenting self-efficacy over the course of pregnancy, but depressive symptoms did not when anxiety levels were taken into account. The findings highlight the role of antenatal anxiety symptoms as a predictor of suboptimal preparation for the parenting role in first-time-expecting mothers. Possible explanations and implications for clinical practice are briefly discussed. © 2013 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-50
JournalInfant Mental Health Journal
Volume35
Issue number1
Early online date21 Nov 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Parenting
Self Efficacy
Anxiety
Depression
Pregnancy
First Pregnancy Trimester
Pregnant Women
Mothers

Cite this

@article{be169d0587734b08b5224b2b6743b6c9,
title = "Prenatal changes in parenting self-efficacy: Linkages with anxiety and depressive symptoms in primiparous women",
abstract = "The aim of the study was to examine parenting self-efficacy in relation to depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy. Five hundred thirty-three first-time pregnant women completed questionnaires at 12, 22, and 32 weeks of pregnancy that measure parenting self-efficacy, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Parenting self-efficacy increased slightly but significantly over the course of pregnancy. Higher levels of depressive symptoms as well as state and trait anxiety symptoms were related to lower expectations of parenting self-efficacy at all time points, but only anxiety symptoms uniquely predicted parenting self-efficacy. Higher levels of anxiety symptoms in the first trimester predicted less positive change in parenting self-efficacy over the course of pregnancy, but depressive symptoms did not when anxiety levels were taken into account. The findings highlight the role of antenatal anxiety symptoms as a predictor of suboptimal preparation for the parenting role in first-time-expecting mothers. Possible explanations and implications for clinical practice are briefly discussed. {\circledC} 2013 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.",
author = "J.J. Wernand and F.C. Kunseler and M. Oosterman and A.T.F. Beekman and C. Schuengel",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1002/imhj.21425",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "42--50",
journal = "Infant Mental Health Journal",
issn = "0163-9641",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "1",

}

Prenatal changes in parenting self-efficacy: Linkages with anxiety and depressive symptoms in primiparous women. / Wernand, J.J.; Kunseler, F.C.; Oosterman, M.; Beekman, A.T.F.; Schuengel, C.

In: Infant Mental Health Journal, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2014, p. 42-50.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prenatal changes in parenting self-efficacy: Linkages with anxiety and depressive symptoms in primiparous women

AU - Wernand, J.J.

AU - Kunseler, F.C.

AU - Oosterman, M.

AU - Beekman, A.T.F.

AU - Schuengel, C.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The aim of the study was to examine parenting self-efficacy in relation to depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy. Five hundred thirty-three first-time pregnant women completed questionnaires at 12, 22, and 32 weeks of pregnancy that measure parenting self-efficacy, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Parenting self-efficacy increased slightly but significantly over the course of pregnancy. Higher levels of depressive symptoms as well as state and trait anxiety symptoms were related to lower expectations of parenting self-efficacy at all time points, but only anxiety symptoms uniquely predicted parenting self-efficacy. Higher levels of anxiety symptoms in the first trimester predicted less positive change in parenting self-efficacy over the course of pregnancy, but depressive symptoms did not when anxiety levels were taken into account. The findings highlight the role of antenatal anxiety symptoms as a predictor of suboptimal preparation for the parenting role in first-time-expecting mothers. Possible explanations and implications for clinical practice are briefly discussed. © 2013 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

AB - The aim of the study was to examine parenting self-efficacy in relation to depressive and anxiety symptoms during pregnancy. Five hundred thirty-three first-time pregnant women completed questionnaires at 12, 22, and 32 weeks of pregnancy that measure parenting self-efficacy, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Parenting self-efficacy increased slightly but significantly over the course of pregnancy. Higher levels of depressive symptoms as well as state and trait anxiety symptoms were related to lower expectations of parenting self-efficacy at all time points, but only anxiety symptoms uniquely predicted parenting self-efficacy. Higher levels of anxiety symptoms in the first trimester predicted less positive change in parenting self-efficacy over the course of pregnancy, but depressive symptoms did not when anxiety levels were taken into account. The findings highlight the role of antenatal anxiety symptoms as a predictor of suboptimal preparation for the parenting role in first-time-expecting mothers. Possible explanations and implications for clinical practice are briefly discussed. © 2013 Michigan Association for Infant Mental Health.

U2 - 10.1002/imhj.21425

DO - 10.1002/imhj.21425

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 42

EP - 50

JO - Infant Mental Health Journal

JF - Infant Mental Health Journal

SN - 0163-9641

IS - 1

ER -