Prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasites in Cuban children

Meike Wördemann*, Katja Polman, Lenina T. Menocal Heredia, Raquel Junco Diaz, Ana Maria Collado Madurga, Fidel A. Núñez Fernández, Raúl A. Cordovi Prado, Aniran Ruiz Espinosa, Liliana Pelayo Duran, Mariano Bonet Gorbea, Lázara Rojas Rivero, Bruno Gryseels

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives: To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasite infections and their risk factors in children in urban and rural settings in two Cuban municipalities. Methods: A total of 1320 Cuban schoolchildren aged 4-14 were tested by stool examination for intestinal parasite infections and evaluated by parental questionnaire for a number of common environmental, sanitary, socioeconomic and behavioural risk factors. Multivariate regression was applied to examine the relationship between the respective parasite infections and the risk factors. Results: Prevalences of intestinal parasite infections were 58% in Fomento and 45% in San Juan y Martínez; for helminth infections, these were 18% and 24% and for protozoa infections, 50% and 29%, respectively. Helminth infections were associated with high parental education (maternal: OR 0.68, CI 0.50-0.93; paternal: OR 0.71, CI 0.52-0.96), absence of toilet (OR 1.57, CI 1.12-2.19), consumption of water from a well or river (OR 0.56, CI 0.41-0.77) and eating unpeeled/unwashed fruit (OR 1.37, CI 1.01-1.87); protozoa infections were only associated with high maternal education (OR 0.72, CI 0.57-0.91). Conclusions: Paediatric intestinal parasite infections are still prevalent in certain areas in Cuba and associated with a number of common environmental, socioeconomic and sanitary risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1813-1820
Number of pages8
JournalTropical Medicine and International Health
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Cuba
  • Paediatric helminths
  • Prevalence
  • Protozoa
  • Risk factors


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasites in Cuban children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this