Reference values of PTH depend on vitamin D status of the reference population. This is often not described in package inserts. The aim of the present study was therefore to calculate assay specific PTH reference levels in EDTA plasma for the Architect (Abbott) in relation to 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels. The relation between PTH levels, 25OHD, BMI, age, gender and kidney function was determined in a cohort of older individuals from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA, n=738, age 55-65. years) and in a cohort of healthy individuals from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA, n=633, 18-65. years). The LASA cohort is a representative sample of the Dutch older population. As expected, PTH reference values were significantly lower in 25OHD sufficient subjects (25OHD > 50 nmol/L) than in 25OHD deficient and insufficient subjects. The 97.5th percentile of PTH in 25OHD sufficient subjects was 10. pmol/L (94.3. pg/mL), which was higher than the upper limit stated by the manufacturer (7.2. pmol/L or 68.3. pg/mL). The relation between vitamin D and PTH was independent of age, gender, BMI and kidney function. In conclusion, we have shown that it is important to establish PTH reference values in a local reference population taking 25OHD status into account. © 2013.