Preventing the onset of depressive disorders: A meta-analytic review of psychological interventions

P. Cuijpers, A. van Straten, H.F.E. Smit, C. Mihalopoulos, A.T.F. Beekman

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objective: A growing number of studies have tested the efficacy of preventive interventions in reducing the incidence of depressive disorders. Until now, no meta-analysis has integrated the results of these studies. Method: The authors conducted a meta-analysis. After a comprehensive literature search, 19 studies were identified that met inclusion criteria. The studies had to be randomized controlled studies in which the incidence of depressive disorders (based on diagnostic criteria) in an experimental group could be compared with that of a control group. Results: The mean incidence rate ratio was 0.78, indicating a reduction of the incidence of depressive disorders by 22% in experimental compared with control groups. Heterogeneity was low to moderate (I
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1272-1280
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume165
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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