Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success: The moderating role of national culture

Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative, Adam Smale, Silvia Bagdadli, Rick Cotton, Silvia Dello Russo, Michael Dickmann, Anders Dysvik, Martina Gianecchini, Robert Kaše, Mila Lazarova, Astrid Reichel, Paula Rozo, Marijke Verbruggen, Ifedapo Adeleye, Maike Andresen, Eleni Apospori, Olusegun Babalola, Jon P. Briscoe, Jong Seok Cha, Katharina Chudzikowski & 24 others Nicky Dries, Petra Eggenhofer-Rehart, Zhangfeng Fei, Martin Gubler, Douglas T. Hall, Svetlana Khapova, Najung Kim, Philip Lehmann, Evgenia Lysova, Sergio Madero, Debbie Mandel, Wolfgang Mayrhofer, Biljana Bogićević Milikić, Sushanta Kumar Mishra, Chikae Naito, Emma Parry, Noreen Saher, Richa Saxena, Nanni Schleicher, Florian Schramm, Yan Shen, Pamela Suzanne, Mami Taniguchi, Julie Unite

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Although career proactivity has positive consequences for an individual's career success, studies mostly examine objective measures of success within single countries. This raises important questions about whether proactivity is equally beneficial for different aspects of subjective career success, and the extent to which these benefits extend across cultures. Drawing on Social Information Processing theory, we examined the relationship between proactive career behaviors and two aspects of subjective career success—financial success and work-life balance—and the moderating role of national culture. We tested our hypotheses using multilevel analyses on a large-scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22 countries covering nine of GLOBE's 10 cultural clusters. Although we found that proactive career behaviors were positively related to subjective financial success, this relationship was not significant for work-life balance. Furthermore, career proactivity was relatively more important for subjective financial success in cultures with high in-group collectivism, high power distance, and low uncertainty avoidance. For work-life balance, career proactivity was relatively more important in cultures characterized by high in-group collectivism and humane orientation. Our findings underline the need to treat subjective career success as a multidimensional construct and highlight the complex role of national culture in shaping the outcomes of career proactivity.

LanguageEnglish
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2019

Fingerprint

national culture
career
Information Theory
Multilevel Analysis
work-life-balance
Automatic Data Processing
Uncertainty
collectivism
Work-Life Balance
National cultures
Career success
Proactivity
information processing
Group
employee
Work-life balance
uncertainty

Keywords

  • career self-management
  • career success
  • national culture
  • proactive career behaviors

Cite this

Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative (Accepted/In press). Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success: The moderating role of national culture. Journal of Organizational Behavior. DOI: 10.1002/job.2316
Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative. / Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success : The moderating role of national culture. In: Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2019
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Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success : The moderating role of national culture. / Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative.

In: Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success

T2 - Journal of Organizational Behavior

AU - Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative

AU - Smale,Adam

AU - Bagdadli,Silvia

AU - Cotton,Rick

AU - Dello Russo,Silvia

AU - Dickmann,Michael

AU - Dysvik,Anders

AU - Gianecchini,Martina

AU - Kaše,Robert

AU - Lazarova,Mila

AU - Reichel,Astrid

AU - Rozo,Paula

AU - Verbruggen,Marijke

AU - Adeleye,Ifedapo

AU - Andresen,Maike

AU - Apospori,Eleni

AU - Babalola,Olusegun

AU - Briscoe,Jon P.

AU - Cha,Jong Seok

AU - Chudzikowski,Katharina

AU - Dries,Nicky

AU - Eggenhofer-Rehart,Petra

AU - Fei,Zhangfeng

AU - Gubler,Martin

AU - Hall,Douglas T.

AU - Khapova,Svetlana

AU - Kim,Najung

AU - Lehmann,Philip

AU - Lysova,Evgenia

AU - Madero,Sergio

AU - Mandel,Debbie

AU - Mayrhofer,Wolfgang

AU - Milikić,Biljana Bogićević

AU - Mishra,Sushanta Kumar

AU - Naito,Chikae

AU - Parry,Emma

AU - Saher,Noreen

AU - Saxena,Richa

AU - Schleicher,Nanni

AU - Schramm,Florian

AU - Shen,Yan

AU - Suzanne,Pamela

AU - Taniguchi,Mami

AU - Unite,Julie

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Although career proactivity has positive consequences for an individual's career success, studies mostly examine objective measures of success within single countries. This raises important questions about whether proactivity is equally beneficial for different aspects of subjective career success, and the extent to which these benefits extend across cultures. Drawing on Social Information Processing theory, we examined the relationship between proactive career behaviors and two aspects of subjective career success—financial success and work-life balance—and the moderating role of national culture. We tested our hypotheses using multilevel analyses on a large-scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22 countries covering nine of GLOBE's 10 cultural clusters. Although we found that proactive career behaviors were positively related to subjective financial success, this relationship was not significant for work-life balance. Furthermore, career proactivity was relatively more important for subjective financial success in cultures with high in-group collectivism, high power distance, and low uncertainty avoidance. For work-life balance, career proactivity was relatively more important in cultures characterized by high in-group collectivism and humane orientation. Our findings underline the need to treat subjective career success as a multidimensional construct and highlight the complex role of national culture in shaping the outcomes of career proactivity.

AB - Although career proactivity has positive consequences for an individual's career success, studies mostly examine objective measures of success within single countries. This raises important questions about whether proactivity is equally beneficial for different aspects of subjective career success, and the extent to which these benefits extend across cultures. Drawing on Social Information Processing theory, we examined the relationship between proactive career behaviors and two aspects of subjective career success—financial success and work-life balance—and the moderating role of national culture. We tested our hypotheses using multilevel analyses on a large-scale sample of 11,892 employees from 22 countries covering nine of GLOBE's 10 cultural clusters. Although we found that proactive career behaviors were positively related to subjective financial success, this relationship was not significant for work-life balance. Furthermore, career proactivity was relatively more important for subjective financial success in cultures with high in-group collectivism, high power distance, and low uncertainty avoidance. For work-life balance, career proactivity was relatively more important in cultures characterized by high in-group collectivism and humane orientation. Our findings underline the need to treat subjective career success as a multidimensional construct and highlight the complex role of national culture in shaping the outcomes of career proactivity.

KW - career self-management

KW - career success

KW - national culture

KW - proactive career behaviors

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SN - 0894-3796

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Cross-Cultural Collaboration on Contemporary Careers (5C) research collaborative. Proactive career behaviors and subjective career success: The moderating role of national culture. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2019. Available from, DOI: 10.1002/job.2316