Probing Zeolite Crystal Architecture and Structural Imperfections using Differently Sized Fluorescent Organic Probe Molecules

Frank C. Hendriks, Joel E. Schmidt, Jeroen A. Rombouts, Koop Lammertsma, Pieter C.A. Bruijnincx, Bert M. Weckhuysen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A micro-spectroscopic method has been developed to probe the accessibility of zeolite crystals using a series of fluorescent 4-(4-diethylaminostyryl)-1-methylpyridinium iodide (DAMPI) probes of increasing molecular size. Staining large zeolite crystals with MFI (ZSM-5) topology and subsequent mapping of the resulting fluorescence using confocal fluorescence microscopy reveal differences in structural integrity: the 90° intergrowth sections of MFI crystals are prone to develop structural imperfections, which act as entrance routes for the probes into the zeolite crystal. Polarization-dependent measurements provide evidence for the probe molecule's alignment within the MFI zeolite pore system. The developed method was extended to BEA (Beta) crystals, showing that the previously observed hourglass pattern is a general feature of BEA crystals with this morphology. Furthermore, the probes can accurately identify at which crystal faces of BEA straight or sinusoidal pores open to the surface. The results show this method can spatially resolve the architecture-dependent internal pore structure of microporous materials, which is difficult to assess using other characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6305-6314
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume23
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2017

Keywords

  • confocal fluorescence microscopy
  • crystal growth
  • fluorescent probes
  • polarization dependence
  • zeolites

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