Problem behavior and heart rate reactivity in adopted adolescents: Longitudinal and concurrent relations.

N. Bimmel, M.H. van IJzendoorn, M.J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, F. Juffer, E.J.C. de Geus

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Abstract

The present longitudinal study examined resting heart rate and heart rate variability and reactivity to a stressful gambling task in adopted adolescents with aggressive, delinquent, or internalizing behavior problems and adopted adolescents without behavior problems (total N=151). Early-onset delinquent adolescents showed heart rate hyporeactivity to the stress-eliciting gambling task compared to late-onset delinquent adolescents and adolescents without behavior problems. Heart rate, heart rate variability, and reactivity to stress were not related to environmental factors such as early-childhood parental sensitivity, parental socioeconomic status, or adoptee's health status at arrival. We conclude that the distinction between delinquency and aggression and between childhood-onset and adolescence-onset delinquency is important for the study of stress reactivity in adolescents. Copyright © 2008, Society for Research on Adolescence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-214
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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