This chapter surveys how the state of knowledge about the physical processes that cause extreme heat and the societal factors that determine its impacts can be used to better predict these aspects of future climate change. Covering global projections; event attribu? tion; atmospheric dynamics; regional and local effects; and impacts on health, agricul? ture, and the economy, this chapter aims to provide a guide to the rapidly growing body of literature on extreme heat and its impacts, as well as to highlight where there remain significant areas in need of further research.
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