Proprioceptive Biases in Different Experimental Designs

I.A. Kuling, M.C.W. van der Graaff, E. Brenner, J.B.J. Smeets

    Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


    Systematic biases have been found when matching proprioceptive and visual locations. In this study we investigated whether such visuo-haptic biases depend on the indicator that subjects use and on whether targets are presented on a board (2D) or in free space (3D). Subjects had to move their unseen hand to visually presented targets. They indicated the perceived target position either with their index finger or with a hand-held device, and either on a surface or in free space. We found no differences between the magnitudes of the biases or the directions of the biases. Thus, the results of studies on visuo-haptic biasesis not merely dependent on the used experimental designs and can be generalized.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHaptics: Neuroscience, Devices, Modeling, and Applications
    EditorsM. Auvray, C. Duriez
    PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
    ISBN (Print)9783662441923
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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