Measuring treatment outcomes can be challenging in patients who experience multiple interlinked problems, as is the case in public mental health care (PMHC). This study describes the development and psychometric properties of a Dutch version of the self-sufficiency matrix (SSM-D), an instrument that measures outcomes and originates from the US. In two different settings, clients were rated using the SSM-D in combination with the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) and the Camberwell assessment of need short appraisal schedule (CANSAS). The results provided support for adequate psychometric properties of the SSM-D. The SSM-D had a solid single factor structure and internal consistency of the scale was excellent. In addition, convergent validity of the SSM-D was indicated by strong correlations between HoNOS and CANSAS, as well as between several subdomains. Further research is needed to establish whether the results presented here can be obtained in other PMHC settings. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.