This introductory chapter puts scientism in context and provides an initial overview of issues that are relevant to scientism. It argues that scientism ought to be on the philosophical agenda, because the truth or falsity of scientism matters a great deal for our self-understanding, the life of the mind, science, and various social practices. Scientism has deep roots in Western philosophical history; among its predecessors and sources of inspiration are empiricism, August Comte’s positivism, and logical positivism. A core question for scientism is what exactly science is, but even a quick glance at the history of thinking about science reveals that answering this question is notoriously difficult. The chapter also provides a quick survey of arguments for and against scientism, and it closes with a preview of the rest of the book.
|Title of host publication||Scientism|
|Subtitle of host publication||Prospects and Problems|
|Editors||Jeroen de Ridder, Rik Peels, Rneé van Woudenberg|
|Place of Publication||New York|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Number of pages||27|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|