Quality of life among dutch children with a cleft lip and/or cleft palate: A follow-up study

F.M. Nolte, A. Bos, C. Prahl

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The aims of the present study were to examine the impact of a cleft lip and/or palate on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children, to examine differences between the OHRQoL scores reported by children and their parents, and to examine differences between the scores over 4 years for a subgroup of children.
Design: Prospective blinded questionnaires.
Setting: All patients were recruited from a university clinic at Academisch Centrum Tandheelkunde Amsterdam.
Participants: The sample consisted of 170 children (age between 8 and 18 years) and their parents.
Interventions: All participants completed the validated Dutch version of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) questionnaire.
Main Outcome Measures: The OHRQoL of children with a cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P) was measured.
Results: Parents scored significantly higher than children on the subscale “Oral Symptoms.” On the subscale “Functional Well-Being,” parents scored significantly lower than children. Females scored significantly higher with regard to the subscales “Functional Well-Being” and “School” in comparison to males. Children with a bilateral CL/P scored significantly lower on the subscale “Functional Well-Being” and “School” than other subgroups. Children reported a decrease in “Oral Symptoms” and “Emotional Well-Being” over time.
Conclusions: Children and their parents both reported high OHRQoL overall with some areas of difference. Females reported a better OHRQoL on “Functional Well-Being” and “School.” Children with the more complex bilateral CL/P had a significantly lower OHRQoL score on “Functional Well-Being,” “School,” and overall COHIP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1071
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Volume56
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

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