Quantification of mouse heart left ventricular function, myocardial strain, and hemodynamic forces by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging

Mariah R R Daal, Gustav J Strijkers, Claudia Calcagno, Ruslan R Garipov, Rob C I Wüst, David Hautemann, Bram F Coolen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Mouse models have contributed significantly to understanding genetic and physiological factors involved in healthy cardiac function, how perturbations result in pathology, and how myocardial diseases may be treated. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has become an indispensable tool for a comprehensive in vivo assessment of cardiac anatomy and function. This protocol shows detailed measurements of mouse heart left ventricular function, myocardial strain, and hemodynamic forces using 7-Tesla CMR. First, animal preparation and positioning in the scanner are demonstrated. Survey scans are performed for planning imaging slices in various short- and long-axis views. A series of prospective ECG-triggered short-axis (SA) movies (or CINE images) are acquired covering the heart from apex to base, capturing end-systolic and end-diastolic phases. Subsequently, single-slice, retrospectively gated CINE images are acquired in a midventricular SA view, and in 2-, 3-, and 4-chamber views, to be reconstructed into high-temporal resolution CINE images using custom-built and open-source software. CINE images are subsequently analyzed using dedicated CMR image analysis software. Delineating endomyocardial and epicardial borders in SA end-systolic and end-diastolic CINE images allows for the calculation of end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes, ejection fraction, and cardiac output. The midventricular SA CINE images are delineated for all cardiac time frames to extract a detailed volume-time curve. Its time derivative allows for the calculation of the diastolic function as the ratio of the early filling and atrial contraction waves. Finally, left ventricular endocardial walls in the 2-, 3-, and 4-chamber views are delineated using feature-tracking, from which longitudinal myocardial strain parameters and left ventricular hemodynamic forces are calculated. In conclusion, this protocol provides detailed in vivo quantification of the mouse cardiac parameters, which can be used to study temporal alterations in cardiac function in various mouse models of heart disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere62595
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Volume2021
Issue number171
Early online date24 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
  • Hemodynamics
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine
  • Mice
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stroke Volume
  • Ventricular Function, Left

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