Quantification of the decay and re-induction of heat acclimation in dry-heat following 12 and 26 days without exposure to heat stress

Andrew S. Weller*, Denise M. Linnane, Anna G. Jonkman, Hein A M Daanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Compared with the induction of heat acclimation (HA), studies investigating the decay and re-induction of HA (RA) are relatively sparse and have yielded conflicting results. Therefore, 16 semi-nude men were acclimated to dry-heat by undertaking an exercise protocol in a hot chamber (dry-bulb temperature 46.1 ± 0.1°C; relative humidity 17.9 ± 0.1%) on 10 consecutive days (HA1-10) in winter UK. Thereafter, the subjects were divided into two groups and re-exposed to the work-in-heat tests after 12 and 26 days until RA was attained (RA12, n = 8; RA26, n = 8). The exercise protocol consisted of 60 min of treadmill walking (1.53 m s-1) at an incline individually set to induce a rectal temperature (Tre) of ∼38.5°C during HA1 (equating to 45 ± 4% peak oxygen uptake), followed by 10 min of rest and 40 min of further treadmill exercise, the intensity of which was increased across HA to maintain Treat ∼38.5°C. Tre, mean skin temperature, heart rate and rate of total water loss measured at 60 min did not change after HA7, and HA was taken as the mean of the responses during HA8-10. For both groups, there was no decay in Tre and for all measured variables RA was attained after 2 and 4 days in RA12 and RA26, respectively. It is concluded that once adaptation to heat has been attained, the time that individuals may spend in cooler conditions before returning to a hot environment could be as long as one month, without the need for extensive re-adaptation to heat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume102
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Heat acclimation
  • Heat acclimation decay
  • Heat stress
  • Re-acclimation to heat

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