Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the literature: A re-analysis

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A claim has been that 97% of the scientific literature endorses anthropogenic climate change (Cook et al., 2013. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 024024). This claim, frequently repeated in debates about climate policy, does not stand. A trend in composition is mistaken for a trend in endorsement. Reported results are inconsistent and biased. The sample is not representative and contains many irrelevant papers. Overall, data quality is low. Cook's validation test shows that the data are invalid. Data disclosure is incomplete so that key results cannot be reproduced or tested. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-705
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Global warming
Climate change
global warming
Chemical analysis
data quality
environmental policy
climate change
trend
analysis
test

Bibliographical note

PT: J; NR: 21; TC: 2; J9: ENERG POLICY; PG: 5; GA: AO6PN; UT: WOS:000341474100064

Cite this

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title = "Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the literature: A re-analysis",
abstract = "A claim has been that 97{\%} of the scientific literature endorses anthropogenic climate change (Cook et al., 2013. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 024024). This claim, frequently repeated in debates about climate policy, does not stand. A trend in composition is mistaken for a trend in endorsement. Reported results are inconsistent and biased. The sample is not representative and contains many irrelevant papers. Overall, data quality is low. Cook's validation test shows that the data are invalid. Data disclosure is incomplete so that key results cannot be reproduced or tested. {\circledC} 2014 Elsevier Ltd.",
author = "R.S.J. Tol",
note = "PT: J; NR: 21; TC: 2; J9: ENERG POLICY; PG: 5; GA: AO6PN; UT: WOS:000341474100064",
year = "2014",
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language = "English",
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pages = "701--705",
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publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the literature: A re-analysis. / Tol, R.S.J.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 73, 2014, p. 701-705.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - A claim has been that 97% of the scientific literature endorses anthropogenic climate change (Cook et al., 2013. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 024024). This claim, frequently repeated in debates about climate policy, does not stand. A trend in composition is mistaken for a trend in endorsement. Reported results are inconsistent and biased. The sample is not representative and contains many irrelevant papers. Overall, data quality is low. Cook's validation test shows that the data are invalid. Data disclosure is incomplete so that key results cannot be reproduced or tested. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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