Quantifying the vulnerability of well fields towards anthropogenic pollution: The Netherlands as an example

I. Mendizabal, P.J. Stuijfzand, A. Wiersma

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    A new method is presented to asses the vulnerability of public supply well fields (PSWFs), other well fields or individual wells. The Intrinsic Vulnerability Index towards Pollution (VIP) is based on the age, redox level, alkalinity (or acidity), and surface water fraction of the pumped water, resulting in a score ranging from 0 for old, deeply anoxic, high alkalinity ground water to 30 for young, (sub)oxic, acid ground water. The Specific Vulnerability Index towards Pollutant X (VIP
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)260-276
    JournalJournal of Hydrology
    Issue number398
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

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