Quenched phosphorescence detection in cyclodextrin-based electrokinetic chromatography

J. Kuijt, D.A. Roman, F. Ariese, U.A.T. Brinkman, C. Gooijer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Quenched phosphorescence detection is a sensitive detection method recently introduced in capillary zone electrophoresis. It is based on the dynamic quenching interaction of the analytes (quenchers) with a phosphorophore, 1-bromo-4-naphthalenesulfonate (BrNS), present in the separation buffer. In this study, it is shown that this detection method can also be used in cyclodextrin-based electrokinetic chromatography (CD-EKC) despite the presence in the buffer solution of cyclodextrins, which are known to reduce the luminescence quenching rate constants. Experiments indicate that BrNS mainly resides in the aqueous phase, while the analytes are distributed between both phases. In principle, the observed quenching might arise from the interaction of BrNS with uncomplexed as well as complexed analytes. However, from the dependence of the fractional quenching on the capacity factor (the normalized fractional quenching was found to be equal to the fraction of analyte in the aqueous phase), it was concluded that only aqueous-phase quenching contributes significantly to the observed quenching. Nevertheless, separation and detection can be regarded as fully compatible, because the capacity factors encountered in CD-EKC are generally low (in this study they ranged from about 0.1 to 2.5). Indeed, with nitroaromatic compounds as the target analytes, limits of detection in the 10
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5139-45
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2002


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