Rap & Sing Music Therapy and sleep in adolescents: A single-blind cluster randomized controlled trial

Sylka Uhlig, Josephine Groot, Erik Jansen, Erik Scherder

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: It is known that music may enhance emotional well-being which may have a positive effect on sleep. The goal of the present study was to examine whether a specific type of music, rapping and singing (Rap & Sing Music Therapy (Rap&SingMT)) could serve as a motivating engagement strategy to improve sleep in adolescents. Methods: Fifty-two adolescents received Rap&SingMT, 45 min, once a week, during four months in a group school setting. Twenty-three adolescents in the control group received a program of various mental activities–but no music. Actigraphy assessed six sleep variables: sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep episodes, snooze time, onset latency and wake percentage. Sleep assessments took place at baseline and after four months (post-testing). Results: A repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance failed to demonstrate a significant effect of Rap&SingMT on “overall” sleep. However, a decline in total sleep time over a period of four months was less in the Rap&SingMT group than in the control group. Discussion: Despite the fact that the participants did not suffer from sleep disturbances, a seasonal change over the experimental period of four months appeared to have less impact on total sleep time in the Rap&SingMT group. These findings will be addressed in more detail.

LanguageEnglish
Pages60-70
Number of pages11
JournalNordic Journal of Music Therapy
Volume28
Issue number1
Early online date3 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

music therapy
Music Therapy
rap
sleep
Sleep
Randomized Controlled Trials
adolescent
Music
music
Group
Randomized Controlled Trial
Actigraphy
Singing
Control Groups
singing
analysis of variance
multivariate analysis
Analysis of Variance

Bibliographical note

Special issue: Randomised controlled trials in music therapy

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • emotion regulation
  • music therapy
  • rapping and singing
  • RCT
  • school-based intervention
  • self-regulation
  • sleep Actigraphy
  • well-being

Cite this

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abstract = "Introduction: It is known that music may enhance emotional well-being which may have a positive effect on sleep. The goal of the present study was to examine whether a specific type of music, rapping and singing (Rap & Sing Music Therapy (Rap&SingMT)) could serve as a motivating engagement strategy to improve sleep in adolescents. Methods: Fifty-two adolescents received Rap&SingMT, 45 min, once a week, during four months in a group school setting. Twenty-three adolescents in the control group received a program of various mental activities–but no music. Actigraphy assessed six sleep variables: sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep episodes, snooze time, onset latency and wake percentage. Sleep assessments took place at baseline and after four months (post-testing). Results: A repeated-measures multivariate analysis of variance failed to demonstrate a significant effect of Rap&SingMT on “overall” sleep. However, a decline in total sleep time over a period of four months was less in the Rap&SingMT group than in the control group. Discussion: Despite the fact that the participants did not suffer from sleep disturbances, a seasonal change over the experimental period of four months appeared to have less impact on total sleep time in the Rap&SingMT group. These findings will be addressed in more detail.",
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Rap & Sing Music Therapy and sleep in adolescents : A single-blind cluster randomized controlled trial. / Uhlig, Sylka; Groot, Josephine; Jansen, Erik; Scherder, Erik.

In: Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 60-70.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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