Rayleigh-Brillouin scattering in SF6 in the kinetic regime

Yuanqing Wang, Yin Yu, Kun Liang*, Wilson Marques, Willem van de Water, Wim Ubachs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Rayleigh-Brillouin spectral profiles are measured with a laser-based scatterometry setup for a 90° scattering angle at a high signal-to-noise ratio (r.m.s. noise below 0.15% w.r.t. peak intensity) in sulfur-hexafluoride gas for pressures in the range 0.2–5 bar and for a wavelength of λ=403.0 nm. The high quality data are compared to a number of light scattering models in order to address the effects of rotational and vibrational relaxation. While the vibrational relaxation rate is so slow that vibration degrees of freedom remain frozen, rotations relax on time scales comparable to those of the density fluctuations. Therefore, the heat capacity, the thermal conductivity and the bulk viscosity are all frequency-dependent transport coefficients. This is relevant for the Tenti model that depends on the values chosen for these transport coefficients. This is not the case for the other two models considered: a kinetic model based on rough-sphere interactions, and a model based on fluctuating hydrodynamics. The deviations with the experiment are similar between the three different models, except for the hydrodynamic model at pressures p≲2bar. As all models are in line with the ideal gas law, we hypothesize the presence of real gas effects in the measured spectra.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-142
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Volume669
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Rayleigh-Brillouin scattering
  • Rough-sphere scattering model
  • SF gas
  • Tenti model

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