Recognition through performance and reputation

Peter Van Den Besselaar, Ulf Sandström, Charlie Mom

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

As the various disciplines have different forms of social and intellectual organization (Whitley 2000), scholars in various fields may depend less on their peers, and more on other audiences for recognition and funding. Following Merton (1973) we distinguish between performance and reputation for building up recognition. We show that there are indeed differences between the disciplines: in life sciences and social sciences, the reputation related indicators are dominant in predicting the score that grant applicants get from the panel, whereas in the natural sciences, the performance related indicators dominate the panel scores. Furthermore, when comparing within the life sciences the grantees with the best performing non-grantees, we show that the former score higher on the reputation indicators and the second score better on the performance variables, supporting the findings that in life sciences one probably gains recognition over reputation more than over individual performance. We suggest that this may not be optimal for the growth of knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Proceedings
EditorsGiuseppe Catalano, Cinzia Daraio, Martina Gregori, Henk F. Moed, Giancarlo Ruocco
PublisherInternational Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics
Pages2065-2069
Number of pages5
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9788833811185
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019
Event17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 2 Sep 20195 Sep 2019

Publication series

Name17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019 - Proceedings
Volume2

Conference

Conference17th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSI 2019
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period2/09/195/09/19

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