Recommendations for physical therapists on the treatment of lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy: a systematic review.

E. van Benten, J.J. Pool, J Mens, A.L. Pool-Goudzwaard

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    STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of the literature. OBJECTIVES: To review and assess the peer-reviewed literature on the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in treating lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy. BACKGROUND: Current guidelines on interventions for lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy differ in their recommendations for assessment and intervention. Recent publications may allow revising current recommendations for the treatment of this complex problem. METHODS: An electronic search strategy was conducted in PubMed, PEDro, Scopus, and CINAHL of literature published from January 1992 to November 2013. Two authors independently assessed all abstracts for eligibility. Articles were independently rated for quality by 2 authors, using the Cochrane Back Review Group criteria for methodological quality. Where possible, effect sizes were calculated for the different interventions. RESULTS: A total of 22 articles (all randomized controlled trials) reporting on 22 independent studies were included. Overall, the methodological quality of the studies was moderate. Data for 4 types of interventions were considered: A combination of interventions (7 studies, n = 1202), exercise therapy (9 studies, n = 2149), manual therapy (5 studies, n = 360), and material support (1 study, n = 115). CONCLUSION: All included studies on exercise therapy, and most of the studies on interventions combined with patient education, reported a positive effect on pain, disability, and/or sick leave. Evidence-based recommendations can be made for the use of exercise therapy for the treatment of lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy. Copyright © 2014 Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy®.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)464-473
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
    Issue number7
    Early online date10 May 2014
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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