Reduction of antitumour mitosenes in non-aqueous and aqueous environment. An electron spin resonance and cyclic voltammetry study.

M. Maliepaard, N.J. de Mol, L.H.M. Janssen, A.R. Goeptar, J.M. te Koppele, N.P.E. Vermeulen, W. Verboom, D.N. Reinhoudt

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Chemical reduction of mitosenes under aerobic conditions in DMSO showed characteristic ESR signals of the mitosene derived semiquinone free radicals. However, these signals diminished strongly upon addition of water to the reaction mixture, indicating a short lifetime of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals under aqueous conditions. In addition, enzymatic one-electron reduction of these mitosenes with either xanthine oxidase or purified NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase under anaerobic conditions showed no signals of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals. Subsequent cyclic voltammetry measurements demonstrated facilitation of the further one-electron reduction of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals in the presence of water in comparison with non-aqueous conditions. The present results strongly suggest that in the presence of water relatively stable hydroquinones are formed upon reduction of mitosenes. Consequently, the steady state concentrations of mitosene semiquinone free radicals will be lowered substantially in aqueous environment. Thus under physiological conditions, two-electron reduction and formation of the mitosene hydroquinone might be important in processes leading to DNA alkylation by these mitosenes. © 1995 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-121
JournalFree Radical Research
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Cyclic voltammetry
Paramagnetic resonance
Free Radicals
Electrons
Water
Hydroquinones
Reproductive Rights
NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase
Personal Autonomy
Xanthine Oxidase
Alkylation
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
mitosene
semiquinone radicals
DNA

Cite this

Maliepaard, M. ; de Mol, N.J. ; Janssen, L.H.M. ; Goeptar, A.R. ; te Koppele, J.M. ; Vermeulen, N.P.E. ; Verboom, W. ; Reinhoudt, D.N. / Reduction of antitumour mitosenes in non-aqueous and aqueous environment. An electron spin resonance and cyclic voltammetry study. In: Free Radical Research. 1995 ; Vol. 22. pp. 109-121.
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title = "Reduction of antitumour mitosenes in non-aqueous and aqueous environment. An electron spin resonance and cyclic voltammetry study.",
abstract = "Chemical reduction of mitosenes under aerobic conditions in DMSO showed characteristic ESR signals of the mitosene derived semiquinone free radicals. However, these signals diminished strongly upon addition of water to the reaction mixture, indicating a short lifetime of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals under aqueous conditions. In addition, enzymatic one-electron reduction of these mitosenes with either xanthine oxidase or purified NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase under anaerobic conditions showed no signals of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals. Subsequent cyclic voltammetry measurements demonstrated facilitation of the further one-electron reduction of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals in the presence of water in comparison with non-aqueous conditions. The present results strongly suggest that in the presence of water relatively stable hydroquinones are formed upon reduction of mitosenes. Consequently, the steady state concentrations of mitosene semiquinone free radicals will be lowered substantially in aqueous environment. Thus under physiological conditions, two-electron reduction and formation of the mitosene hydroquinone might be important in processes leading to DNA alkylation by these mitosenes. {\circledC} 1995 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.",
author = "M. Maliepaard and {de Mol}, N.J. and L.H.M. Janssen and A.R. Goeptar and {te Koppele}, J.M. and N.P.E. Vermeulen and W. Verboom and D.N. Reinhoudt",
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Reduction of antitumour mitosenes in non-aqueous and aqueous environment. An electron spin resonance and cyclic voltammetry study. / Maliepaard, M.; de Mol, N.J.; Janssen, L.H.M.; Goeptar, A.R.; te Koppele, J.M.; Vermeulen, N.P.E.; Verboom, W.; Reinhoudt, D.N.

In: Free Radical Research, Vol. 22, 1995, p. 109-121.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reduction of antitumour mitosenes in non-aqueous and aqueous environment. An electron spin resonance and cyclic voltammetry study.

AU - Maliepaard, M.

AU - de Mol, N.J.

AU - Janssen, L.H.M.

AU - Goeptar, A.R.

AU - te Koppele, J.M.

AU - Vermeulen, N.P.E.

AU - Verboom, W.

AU - Reinhoudt, D.N.

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Chemical reduction of mitosenes under aerobic conditions in DMSO showed characteristic ESR signals of the mitosene derived semiquinone free radicals. However, these signals diminished strongly upon addition of water to the reaction mixture, indicating a short lifetime of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals under aqueous conditions. In addition, enzymatic one-electron reduction of these mitosenes with either xanthine oxidase or purified NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase under anaerobic conditions showed no signals of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals. Subsequent cyclic voltammetry measurements demonstrated facilitation of the further one-electron reduction of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals in the presence of water in comparison with non-aqueous conditions. The present results strongly suggest that in the presence of water relatively stable hydroquinones are formed upon reduction of mitosenes. Consequently, the steady state concentrations of mitosene semiquinone free radicals will be lowered substantially in aqueous environment. Thus under physiological conditions, two-electron reduction and formation of the mitosene hydroquinone might be important in processes leading to DNA alkylation by these mitosenes. © 1995 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.

AB - Chemical reduction of mitosenes under aerobic conditions in DMSO showed characteristic ESR signals of the mitosene derived semiquinone free radicals. However, these signals diminished strongly upon addition of water to the reaction mixture, indicating a short lifetime of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals under aqueous conditions. In addition, enzymatic one-electron reduction of these mitosenes with either xanthine oxidase or purified NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase under anaerobic conditions showed no signals of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals. Subsequent cyclic voltammetry measurements demonstrated facilitation of the further one-electron reduction of the mitosene semiquinone free radicals in the presence of water in comparison with non-aqueous conditions. The present results strongly suggest that in the presence of water relatively stable hydroquinones are formed upon reduction of mitosenes. Consequently, the steady state concentrations of mitosene semiquinone free radicals will be lowered substantially in aqueous environment. Thus under physiological conditions, two-electron reduction and formation of the mitosene hydroquinone might be important in processes leading to DNA alkylation by these mitosenes. © 1995 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.

U2 - 10.3109/10715769509147533

DO - 10.3109/10715769509147533

M3 - Article

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SP - 109

EP - 121

JO - Free Radical Research

JF - Free Radical Research

SN - 1071-5762

ER -