Reforming teacher reform: teaching as bounded rational design

F.J.J.M. Janssen, H.B. Westbroek, W Doyle

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Educational innovations had and still have little impact on teaching practice. A common view held by teacher researchers is that teachers do not implement innovative change proposals because they lack the necessary knowledge, skills and beliefs to do so (Grossman et al, 2009; Borko et al, 2010). In contrast, teachers often argue that innovative change proposals themselves are often not practical to implement in their existing complex classroom ecologies (Authors, 1977; Authors 2013). They argue that many change proposals lack workable procedures to convert ideas into concrete classroom activities (instrumentality), do not fit existing classroom demands and their related goals (congruence) and take too much time and resources to design and implement (cost) In this session we will present a new theoretical framework and methodology for understanding and changing teaching practice that is grounded in a conception of ecological practicality. These practicality issues are further explicated drawing on recent theories of bounded rationality. We will show how this framework, in which teaching practice is viewed as bounded rational design enriches, dominant perspectives on teacher reform, and how it can help us to not only better understand but also effectively change teaching practice. Three highly distinguished teacher researchers, Hilda Borko, Pam Grossman and Judith Warren Little will relate this new framework to current thinking in their respective domains of expertise.
In contributing to the overall objectives of the session, the first presentation will explicate the framework in which teaching practice is viewed as bounded rational design. The paper begins with an overview of theories on classroom
ecology, practicality, and bounded rationality on which the design framework is based. It is argued that teaching practice is fundamentally a design process, i.e., the construction of a tool or artifact to achieve goals in a specific context with
available resources. Furthermore, teachers are not able to optimize their designs exclusively for promoting student learning, because their rationality is bounded—i.e., classroom contexts in which teachers work are complex demanding places that require teachers to attain multiple goals simultaneously, while information and resources are always limited.
The second presentation advances the argument that an understanding of a classroom context and the content and organization of a teacher’s multiple goals, which are partly derived from complex classroom demands, is a foundation for any teacher reform initiative. The third paper explores how knowledge about goal systems and knowledge about heuristics
(cost-effective procedures) can readily be used by a teacher to effectively change his/her practice. In addition to the evidence for the effectiveness of this approach, the presenters illustrate the process with a case of a biology teacher who is supported to adopt open inquiry labs into her practice. After these short introductory contributions, three very distinguished teacher researchers will critically comment on the framework and encourage audience discussion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReforming teacher reform
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventAnnual Meeting AERA (American Educational Research Association) - San Diego, USA
Duration: 12 Apr 200416 Apr 2004

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Meeting AERA (American Educational Research Association)
Period12/04/0416/04/04

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reform
Teaching
teacher
teaching practice
classroom
rationality
resources
biology teacher
lack
costs
ecology
heuristics
artifact
expertise
innovation
organization
methodology
learning
evidence
student

Keywords

  • teaching as bounded rational design, goal systems, bridging

Cite this

Janssen, F. J. J. M., Westbroek, H. B., & Doyle, W. (2017). Reforming teacher reform: teaching as bounded rational design. In Reforming teacher reform
Janssen, F.J.J.M. ; Westbroek, H.B. ; Doyle, W. / Reforming teacher reform : teaching as bounded rational design. Reforming teacher reform. 2017.
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Janssen, FJJM, Westbroek, HB & Doyle, W 2017, Reforming teacher reform: teaching as bounded rational design. in Reforming teacher reform. Annual Meeting AERA (American Educational Research Association), 12/04/04.

Reforming teacher reform : teaching as bounded rational design. / Janssen, F.J.J.M.; Westbroek, H.B.; Doyle, W.

Reforming teacher reform. 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Educational innovations had and still have little impact on teaching practice. A common view held by teacher researchers is that teachers do not implement innovative change proposals because they lack the necessary knowledge, skills and beliefs to do so (Grossman et al, 2009; Borko et al, 2010). In contrast, teachers often argue that innovative change proposals themselves are often not practical to implement in their existing complex classroom ecologies (Authors, 1977; Authors 2013). They argue that many change proposals lack workable procedures to convert ideas into concrete classroom activities (instrumentality), do not fit existing classroom demands and their related goals (congruence) and take too much time and resources to design and implement (cost) In this session we will present a new theoretical framework and methodology for understanding and changing teaching practice that is grounded in a conception of ecological practicality. These practicality issues are further explicated drawing on recent theories of bounded rationality. We will show how this framework, in which teaching practice is viewed as bounded rational design enriches, dominant perspectives on teacher reform, and how it can help us to not only better understand but also effectively change teaching practice. Three highly distinguished teacher researchers, Hilda Borko, Pam Grossman and Judith Warren Little will relate this new framework to current thinking in their respective domains of expertise. In contributing to the overall objectives of the session, the first presentation will explicate the framework in which teaching practice is viewed as bounded rational design. The paper begins with an overview of theories on classroomecology, practicality, and bounded rationality on which the design framework is based. It is argued that teaching practice is fundamentally a design process, i.e., the construction of a tool or artifact to achieve goals in a specific context withavailable resources. Furthermore, teachers are not able to optimize their designs exclusively for promoting student learning, because their rationality is bounded—i.e., classroom contexts in which teachers work are complex demanding places that require teachers to attain multiple goals simultaneously, while information and resources are always limited.The second presentation advances the argument that an understanding of a classroom context and the content and organization of a teacher’s multiple goals, which are partly derived from complex classroom demands, is a foundation for any teacher reform initiative. The third paper explores how knowledge about goal systems and knowledge about heuristics(cost-effective procedures) can readily be used by a teacher to effectively change his/her practice. In addition to the evidence for the effectiveness of this approach, the presenters illustrate the process with a case of a biology teacher who is supported to adopt open inquiry labs into her practice. After these short introductory contributions, three very distinguished teacher researchers will critically comment on the framework and encourage audience discussion.

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Janssen FJJM, Westbroek HB, Doyle W. Reforming teacher reform: teaching as bounded rational design. In Reforming teacher reform. 2017