Relative sensation of wetness of different materials

Mai Shibahara*, Katsunari Sato, Astrid M.L. Kappers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


Previous studies have already shown that an illusion of wetness can be elicited by touching a dry cold object. Both metal and cloth are materials that can cause this illusion. This paper investigated the relative sensation of wetness caused by some other materials at the same low temperature. Participants were presented with stimulus pairs of different materials such as metal, PVC, acrylic and paper, and they had to judge which of the two felt wetter. From the results we obtained a scale of relative wetness sensation. Subsequently, several physical properties of the materials were measured. We conclude that materials that cause the human skin to cool quickly, cause the stimulus to feel relatively wet. Interestingly, also stickiness can lead to a sensation of relative wetness, even when presented at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHaptics
Subtitle of host publicationScience, Technology, and Applications - 11th International Conference, EuroHaptics 2018, Proceedings
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783319934457
ISBN (Print)9783319934440
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event11th International Conference on Haptics: Science, Technology, and Applications, EuroHaptics 2018 - Pisa, Italy
Duration: 13 Jun 201816 Jun 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10893 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference11th International Conference on Haptics: Science, Technology, and Applications, EuroHaptics 2018


Acknowledgement. This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 17J03095 and 15K12316. The authors thank Peter Verdijk, Frans den Boer and Frans-Jozef Halkes for their technical support.

FundersFunder number
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science17J03095, 15K12316


    • Cooling skin temperature
    • Material
    • Stickiness
    • Wetness perception


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