Reliability and Feasibility of Systematic Registration of Coercive Measures in Care for People With Intellectual Disabilities

Baukje Schippers, Brenda J.M. Frederiks, Maroesjka van Nieuwenhuijzen, Carlo Schuengel

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Policies limit the use of coercive measures as a measure of last resort to protect people from danger. Success of policies can only be determined by registering the use of coercive measures. The reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested. In addition, implementation was investigated of improved registration in a residential care setting. This mixed methods study within a residential care organization for people with intellectual disabilities in the Netherlands included 55 living units and 269 residents. Reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested against other informants (colleague staff, trained outside observer) and results were validated by a panel of stakeholders. Second, the implementation of a mandatory routine registration system was investigated by comparing registration of coercive measures to personal files of 30 residents. Registration of coercive measures yielded reliable data for at least 25 out of 57 types of coercive measures. The second part of the study showed widely varying explanations of unreliable data by stakeholders, including knowledge and awareness of coercive measures of support staff and the influence of contextual factors on the encoding of coercive measures. After implementation, 46% of the coercive measures were registered in the registration system. Comprehensive registration of coercive measures by staff neither appeared feasible nor yielded reliable data. Clearly, multidisciplinary discussion among support staff and professionals is needed to decide whether care practices are restrictive or not. Further research should focus on how these considerations can lead to a reliable and meaningful registration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-213
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of policy and practice in intellectual disabilities
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Disabled Persons
Intellectual Disability
disability
staff
registration system
Netherlands
stakeholder
Organizations
resident
research focus
Research
organization

Keywords

  • coercive measures
  • intellectual disabilities
  • policy implications
  • registration
  • reliability
  • restrictive practices

Cite this

@article{40df812279fe4f88b520a97dbc90b6fe,
title = "Reliability and Feasibility of Systematic Registration of Coercive Measures in Care for People With Intellectual Disabilities",
abstract = "Policies limit the use of coercive measures as a measure of last resort to protect people from danger. Success of policies can only be determined by registering the use of coercive measures. The reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested. In addition, implementation was investigated of improved registration in a residential care setting. This mixed methods study within a residential care organization for people with intellectual disabilities in the Netherlands included 55 living units and 269 residents. Reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested against other informants (colleague staff, trained outside observer) and results were validated by a panel of stakeholders. Second, the implementation of a mandatory routine registration system was investigated by comparing registration of coercive measures to personal files of 30 residents. Registration of coercive measures yielded reliable data for at least 25 out of 57 types of coercive measures. The second part of the study showed widely varying explanations of unreliable data by stakeholders, including knowledge and awareness of coercive measures of support staff and the influence of contextual factors on the encoding of coercive measures. After implementation, 46{\%} of the coercive measures were registered in the registration system. Comprehensive registration of coercive measures by staff neither appeared feasible nor yielded reliable data. Clearly, multidisciplinary discussion among support staff and professionals is needed to decide whether care practices are restrictive or not. Further research should focus on how these considerations can lead to a reliable and meaningful registration.",
keywords = "coercive measures, intellectual disabilities, policy implications, registration, reliability, restrictive practices",
author = "Baukje Schippers and Frederiks, {Brenda J.M.} and {van Nieuwenhuijzen}, Maroesjka and Carlo Schuengel",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jppi.12252",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "202--213",
journal = "Journal of policy and practice in intellectual disabilities",
issn = "1741-1122",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

Reliability and Feasibility of Systematic Registration of Coercive Measures in Care for People With Intellectual Disabilities. / Schippers, Baukje; Frederiks, Brenda J.M.; van Nieuwenhuijzen, Maroesjka; Schuengel, Carlo.

In: Journal of policy and practice in intellectual disabilities, Vol. 15, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 202-213.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reliability and Feasibility of Systematic Registration of Coercive Measures in Care for People With Intellectual Disabilities

AU - Schippers, Baukje

AU - Frederiks, Brenda J.M.

AU - van Nieuwenhuijzen, Maroesjka

AU - Schuengel, Carlo

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Policies limit the use of coercive measures as a measure of last resort to protect people from danger. Success of policies can only be determined by registering the use of coercive measures. The reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested. In addition, implementation was investigated of improved registration in a residential care setting. This mixed methods study within a residential care organization for people with intellectual disabilities in the Netherlands included 55 living units and 269 residents. Reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested against other informants (colleague staff, trained outside observer) and results were validated by a panel of stakeholders. Second, the implementation of a mandatory routine registration system was investigated by comparing registration of coercive measures to personal files of 30 residents. Registration of coercive measures yielded reliable data for at least 25 out of 57 types of coercive measures. The second part of the study showed widely varying explanations of unreliable data by stakeholders, including knowledge and awareness of coercive measures of support staff and the influence of contextual factors on the encoding of coercive measures. After implementation, 46% of the coercive measures were registered in the registration system. Comprehensive registration of coercive measures by staff neither appeared feasible nor yielded reliable data. Clearly, multidisciplinary discussion among support staff and professionals is needed to decide whether care practices are restrictive or not. Further research should focus on how these considerations can lead to a reliable and meaningful registration.

AB - Policies limit the use of coercive measures as a measure of last resort to protect people from danger. Success of policies can only be determined by registering the use of coercive measures. The reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested. In addition, implementation was investigated of improved registration in a residential care setting. This mixed methods study within a residential care organization for people with intellectual disabilities in the Netherlands included 55 living units and 269 residents. Reliability of 57 standardized coercive measures was tested against other informants (colleague staff, trained outside observer) and results were validated by a panel of stakeholders. Second, the implementation of a mandatory routine registration system was investigated by comparing registration of coercive measures to personal files of 30 residents. Registration of coercive measures yielded reliable data for at least 25 out of 57 types of coercive measures. The second part of the study showed widely varying explanations of unreliable data by stakeholders, including knowledge and awareness of coercive measures of support staff and the influence of contextual factors on the encoding of coercive measures. After implementation, 46% of the coercive measures were registered in the registration system. Comprehensive registration of coercive measures by staff neither appeared feasible nor yielded reliable data. Clearly, multidisciplinary discussion among support staff and professionals is needed to decide whether care practices are restrictive or not. Further research should focus on how these considerations can lead to a reliable and meaningful registration.

KW - coercive measures

KW - intellectual disabilities

KW - policy implications

KW - registration

KW - reliability

KW - restrictive practices

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052840928&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052840928&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jppi.12252

DO - 10.1111/jppi.12252

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 202

EP - 213

JO - Journal of policy and practice in intellectual disabilities

JF - Journal of policy and practice in intellectual disabilities

SN - 1741-1122

IS - 3

ER -