Respiration-driven proton translocation with nitrite and nitrous oxide in Paracoccus denitrificans

F C Boogerd, H W Van Verseveld, A.H. Stouthamer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


(1)H+ leads to/electron acceptor ratios have been determined with the oxidant pulse method for cells of denitrifying Paracoccus denitrificans oxidizing endogenous substrates during reduction of O2, NO2- or N2O. Under optimal H+-translocation conditions, the ratios leads to H+/O, H+ leads to/N2O, H+ leads to/NO2- for reduction to N2 and H+ leads to/NO2- for reduction to N2O were 6.0-6.3, 4.02, 5.79 and 3.37, respectively. (2) With ascorbate/N,N,N,'N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylene-diamine as exogenous substrate, addition of NO2- or N2O to an anaerobic cell suspension resulted in rapid alkalinization of the outer bulk medium. H+/N2O, H+/NO2- for reduction to N2 and H+/NO2- for reduction to N2O were -0.84, -2.33 and -1.90, respectively. (3) The H+/oxidant ratios, mentioned in item 2, were not altered in the presence of valinomycin/K+ and the triphenylmethylphosphonium cation. (4) A simplified scheme of electron transport to O2, NO2- and N2O is presented which shows a periplasmic orientation of the nitrite reductase as well as the nitrous oxide reductase. Electrons destined for NO2-, N2O or O2 pass two H+-trans-locating sites. The H+ leads to/electron acceptor ratios predicted by this scheme are in good agreement with the experimental values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-91
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 1981


  • Electron Transport
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Nitrites
  • Nitrous Oxide
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Paracoccus denitrificans
  • Valinomycin
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.


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