Review on crosstalk and common mechanisms of endocrine disruptors: Scaffolding to improve PBPK/PD model of EDC mixture

Raju Prasad Sharma, Marta Schuhmacher, Vikas Kumar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review


Endocrine disruptor compounds (EDCs) are environment chemicals that cause harmful effects through multiple mechanisms, interfering with hormone system resulting in alteration of homeostasis, reproduction and developmental effect. Many of these EDCs have concurrent exposure with crosstalk and common mechanisms which may lead to dynamic interactions. To carry out risk assessment of EDCs' mixture, it is important to know the detailed toxic pathway, crosstalk of receptor and other factors like critical window of exposure. In this review, we summarize the major mechanism of actions of EDCs with the different/same target organs interfering with the same/different class of hormone by altering their synthesis, metabolism, binding and cellular action. To show the impact of EDCs on life stage development, a case study on female fertility affecting germ cell is illustrated. Based on this summarized discussion, major groups of EDCs are classified based on their target organ, mode of action and potential risk. Finally, a conceptual model of pharmacodynamic interaction is proposed to integrate the crosstalk and common mechanisms that modulate estrogen into the predictive mixture dosimetry model with dynamic interaction of mixture. This review will provide new insight for EDCs' risk assessment and can be used to develop next generation PBPK/PD models for EDCs' mixture analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironment International
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Common mechanism
  • Crosstalk
  • Endocrine disruptor compounds (EDCs)
  • Mixture interaction
  • PBPK/PD models
  • Toxicity mechanism


Dive into the research topics of 'Review on crosstalk and common mechanisms of endocrine disruptors: Scaffolding to improve PBPK/PD model of EDC mixture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this