Revisiting Between-Group Inequality Measurement: An Application to the Dynamics of Caste Inequality in Two Indian Villages

Peter Lanjouw*, Vijayendra Rao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Standard approaches to decomposing how much group differences contribute to inequality rarely show significant between-group inequality, and are of limited use in comparing populations with different numbers of groups. We apply an adaptation to the standard approach that remedies these problems to longitudinal household data from two Indian villages-Palanpur in the north and Sugao in the west. In Palanpur we find that the largest Scheduled Caste group failed to share in the gradual rise in village prosperity. This would not have emerged from standard decomposition analysis. However, in Sugao the alternative procedure does not yield any additional insights because income gains have applied relatively evenly across castes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-187
Number of pages14
JournalWorld Development
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Caste
  • Decomposition
  • India
  • Inequality
  • Village study

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