Ring-testing and field-validation of a terrestrial model ecosystem - An instrument for testing potentially harmful substances: fate of the model chemical carbendazim.

S.E. Jones, D.J. Williams, P.J. Holliman, N. Taylor, J. Baumann, B. Förster, C.A.M. van Gestel, J.M.L. Rodrigues

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The fate of the fungicide carbendazim (applied in the formulation Derosal) in soil was determined in Terrestrial Model Ecosystem (TME) tests and corresponding field-validation studies, which were performed in four different countries (United Kingdom, Germany, Portugal, and The Netherlands). The tests used different soil types, and lasted for 16 weeks. On three of the four sites, grassland soils were used while the fourth site had an arable soil. TMEs consisted of intact soil columns (diameter 17.5 cm; length 40 cm) and were taken from the site where the field study was performed. In the first series of TME tests, carbendazim was applied at four dosages ranging between 0.36 and 77. 8 kg a.i./ha, while in the second series of TME tests and the field-validation studies six dosages between 0.36 and 87.5 kg a.i./ha were applied. DT
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-42
JournalEcotoxicology
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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