Risk factors for failure to return to the pre-fracture place of residence after hip fracture: A prospective longitudinal study of 444 patients

Anne J H Vochteloo*, Sabine T. Van Vliet-Koppert, Andrea B. Maier, Wim E. Tuinebreijer, Maarten L. Röling, Mark R. De Vries, Rolf M. Bloem, Rob G H H Nelissen, Peter Pilot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Long-term place of residence after hip fracture is not often described in literature. The goal of this study was to identify risk factors, known at admission, for failure to return to the pre-fracture place of residence of hip fracture patients in the Wrst year after a hip fracture. Methods: This is a prospective longitudinal study of 444 consecutive admissions of hip fracture patients aged ≥65 years. Place of residence prior to admission, at discharge, after 3 and 12 months was registered. Patients admitted from a nursing home (n = 49) were excluded from statistical analysis. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed, using age, gender, presence of a partner, ASAscore, dementia, anaemia at admission, type of fracture, pre-fracture level of mobility and level of activities of daily living (ADL) as possible risk factors. Results: Two hundred eighty-nine patients lived in their own home, 31.8% returned at discharge, 72.9% at 3 months and 72.8% at 12 months. Age, absence of a partner, dementia, and a lower pre-fracture level of ADL or mobility were independent contributors to failure to return to their own home at discharge, 3 or 12 months. 106 patients lived in a residential home; 33.3% returned at discharge, 68.4% at 3 months and 64.4% at 12 months. Age was an independent contributor to failure to return to a residential home. Conclusions: Age, dementia and a lower pre-fracture level of ADL were the main signiWcant risk factors for failure to return to the pre-fracture residence. As the 3- and 12-month return-rates were similar, 3-month follow-up might be used as an endpoint in future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)823-830
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Volume132
Issue number6
Early online date7 Feb 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

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Keywords

  • Hip fracture
  • Longitudinal
  • Place of residence
  • Risk factors

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