Robust detection and identification of multiple oomycetes and fungi in environmental samples using a novel cleavable padlock probe-bases ligation-detection assay.

R. van Doorn, M. Slawiak, M. Szemes, A. Dullemans, P. Bonants, G.A. Kowalchuk, C.D. Schoen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Simultaneous detection and identification of multiple pathogenic microorganisms in complex environmental samples are required in numerous diagnostic fields. Here, we describe the development of a novel, backgroundfree ligation detection (LD) system using a single compound detector probe per target. The detector probes used, referred to as padlock probes (PLPs), are long oligonucleotides containing asymmetric target complementary regions at both their 5′ and 3′ ends which confer extremely specific target detection. Probes also incorporate a desthiobiotin moiety and an internal endonuclease IV cleavage site. DNA samples are PCR amplified, and the resulting products serve as potential targets for PLP ligation. Upon perfect target hybridization, the PLPs are circularized via enzymatic ligation, captured, and cleaved, allowing only the originally ligated PLPs to be visualized on a universal microarray. Unlike previous procedures, the probes themselves are not amplified, thereby allowing a simple PLP cleavage to yield a background-free assay. We designed and tested nine PLPs targeting several oomycetes and fungi. All of the probes specifically detected their corresponding targets and provided perfect discrimination against closely related nontarget organisms, yielding an assay sensitivity of 1 pg genomic DNA and a dynamic detection range of 10
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4185-4193
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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