Recently, in The Netherlands, two businessmen have been prosecuted for their involvement in the commission of international crimes. In this article, the cases are analysed in the broader context of corporate complicity in international crimes. We enquire as to which extent these cases are typical for addressing corporate complicity and what lessons can be drawn from them. The cases illustrate the empirical variety of corporate complicity in international crimes. Furthermore, they indicate that investigating corporate complicity and connecting business entities to international crimes is rather difficult. Questions are raised as to the intended deterrent effect of such prosecutions. © Oxford University Press, 2010, All rights reserved.