Run-time Reasoning from Uncertain Observations with Subjective Logic in Multi-Agent Self-Adaptive Cyber-Physical Systems

Ana Petrovska, Malte Neuss, Ilias Gerostathopoulos, Alexander Pretschner

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Modern society has become increasingly reliant on the omnipresent cyber-physical systems (CPSs), making it paramount that the contemporary autonomous and decentralized CPSs (e.g., robots, drones and self-driving cars) act reliably despite their exposure to a variety of run-time uncertainties. The sources of uncertainties could be internal, i. e., originating from the systems themselves, or external-unpredictable environments. Self-adaptive CPSs (SACPSs) modify their behavior or structure at run-time in response to the uncertainties mentioned above. The adaptation relies on gained knowledge from the observations that the SACPSs make during their operation. As a result, to build the knowledge, the need for run-time observations aggregation and reasoning emerges since the observations made by decentralized CPSs are uncertain, partial, and potentially conflicting. In response, in this paper, we propose a novel methodological approach for deriving or aggregating knowledge from uncertain observations in SACPSs utilizing the Subjective Logic. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is demonstrated through extensive evaluation on an in-house, multi-agent system from the robotics domain.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 International Symposium on Software Engineering for Adaptive and Self-Managing Systems (SEAMS)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages130-141
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781665402897
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2021
Event2021 International Symposium on Software Engineering for Adaptive and Self-Managing Systems, SEAMS 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 18 May 202124 May 2021

Conference

Conference2021 International Symposium on Software Engineering for Adaptive and Self-Managing Systems, SEAMS 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period18/05/2124/05/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 IEEE.

Keywords

  • cyber-physical systems
  • knowledge aggregation
  • self-adaptive systems
  • subjective logic
  • uncertainties

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