Modern embedded systems are becoming increasingly multifunctional, and, as a consequence, they more and more have to deal with dynamic application workloads. This dynamism manifests itself in the presence of multiple applications that can simultaneously execute and contend for resources in a single embedded system as well as the dynamic behavior within applications themselves. Such dynamic behavior in application workloads must be taken into account during the early system-level Design Space Exploration (DSE) of Multiprocessor Systemon-Chip (MPSoC)-based embedded systems. Scenario-based DSE utilizes the concept of application scenarios to search for optimal mappings of a multiapplication workload onto an MPSoC. To this end, scenario-based DSE uses a multi-objective genetic algorithm (GA) to identify the mapping with the best average quality for all the application scenarios in the workload. In order to keep the exploration of the scenario-based DSE efficient, fitness prediction is used to obtain the quality of a mapping. This fitness prediction implies that instead of using the entire set of all possible application scenarios, a small but representative subset of application scenarios is used to determine the fitness of mapping solutions. Since the representativeness of such a subset is dependent on the application mappings being explored, these representative subsets of application scenarios are dynamically obtained by means of coexploration of the scenario subset space. In this chapter, we provide an overview of scenario-based DSE and, in particular, present multiple techniques for fitness prediction using representative subsets of application scenarios: a stochastic, deterministic, and hybrid combination.
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Hardware/Software Codesign|
|Number of pages||73|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2017|