The aim of this study was to examine the school functioning of 8- to 18-year-old children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF). We compared 233 children born after IVF to 233 matched control children born spontaneously from parents with fertility problems on measures of education level, general cognitive ability, school performance (need for extra help, repeating a grade, special education), and rates of learning and developmental disorders. No differences were found between IVF and control children on these measures of school functioning. More than 60% of adolescents at secondary school attended high academic levels (with access to high school or university). We conclude that children and adolescents born after IVF show good academic achievement and general cognitive ability. They do not experience any more educational limitations than the naturally conceived children and adolescents of the control group. The tendency of reassuring school functioning already found in younger IVF children has been shown to continue at secondary school age. © 2008 The Author(s).
Wagenaar, K., Ceelen, M., van Weissenbruch, M. M., Knol, D. L., Delemarre-van d Waal, H. A., & Huisman, J. (2008). School functioning in 8- to 18-year-old children born after in vitro fertilization. European Journal of Pediatrics, 167(11), 1289-1295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-008-0677-2