Searches for Continuous Gravitational Waves from 15 Supernova Remnants and Fomalhaut b with Advanced LIGO

LHCb Collaboration

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We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) from 16 well-localized candidate neutron stars, assuming none of the stars has a binary companion. The searches were directed toward 15 supernova remnants and Fomalhaut b, a directly imaged extrasolar planet candidate that has been suggested to be a nearby old neutron star. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second time derivatives. After coherently integrating spans of data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run of 3.5-53.7 days per search, applying data-based vetoes, and discounting known instrumental artifacts, we found no astrophysical signals. We set upper limits on intrinsic GW strain as strict as 1 ×10-25, fiducial neutron star ellipticity as strict as 2 ×10-9, and fiducial r-mode amplitude as strict as 3 ×10-8.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2019


LIGO (observatory)
supernova remnants
gravitational waves
neutron stars
extrasolar planets


  • gravitational waves
  • ISM: supernova remnants
  • stars: neutron

Cite this

title = "Searches for Continuous Gravitational Waves from 15 Supernova Remnants and Fomalhaut b with Advanced LIGO",
abstract = "We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) from 16 well-localized candidate neutron stars, assuming none of the stars has a binary companion. The searches were directed toward 15 supernova remnants and Fomalhaut b, a directly imaged extrasolar planet candidate that has been suggested to be a nearby old neutron star. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second time derivatives. After coherently integrating spans of data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run of 3.5-53.7 days per search, applying data-based vetoes, and discounting known instrumental artifacts, we found no astrophysical signals. We set upper limits on intrinsic GW strain as strict as 1 ×10-25, fiducial neutron star ellipticity as strict as 2 ×10-9, and fiducial r-mode amplitude as strict as 3 ×10-8.",
keywords = "gravitational waves, ISM: supernova remnants, stars: neutron",
author = "Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abbott, {T. D.} and S. Abraham and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C. Adams and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Adya, {V. B.} and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and K. Agatsuma and N. Aggarwal and Aguiar, {O. D.} and L. Aiello and A. Ain and P. Ajith and G. Allen and A. Allocca and Aloy, {M. A.} and Altin, {P. A.} and A. Amato and A. Ananyeva and Anderson, {S. B.} and Anderson, {W. G.} and Angelova, {S. V.} and S. Antier and S. Appert and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and Areeda, {J. S.} and M. Arene and N. Arnaud and Arun, {K. G.} and S. Ascenzi and G. Ashton and Aston, {S. M.} and P. Astone and F. Aubin and P. Aufmuth and K. Aultoneal and C. Austin and V. Avendano and A. Avila-Alvarez and S. Babak and P. Bacon and F. Badaracco and Bader, {M. K.M.} and S. Bae and Baker, {P. T.} and F. Baldaccini and G. Ballardin and Ballmer, {S. W.} and S. Banagiri and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barclay, {S. E.} and Barish, {B. C.} and D. Barker and K. Barkett and S. Barnum and F. 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Wang and H. Wang and Wang, {J. Z.} and Wang, {W. H.} and Wang, {Y. F.} and Ward, {R. L.} and Warden, {Z. A.} and J. Warner and M. Was and J. Watchi and B. Weaver and Wei, {L. W.} and M. Weinert and Weinstein, {A. J.} and R. Weiss and F. Wellmann and L. Wen and Wessel, {E. K.} and P. We{\ss}els and Westhouse, {J. W.} and K. Wette and Whelan, {J. T.} and Whiting, {B. F.} and C. Whittle and Wilken, {D. M.} and D. Williams and Williamson, {A. R.} and Willis, {J. L.} and B. Willke and Wimmer, {M. H.} and W. Winkler and Wipf, {C. C.} and H. Wittel and G. Woan and J. Woehler and Wofford, {J. K.} and J. Worden and Wright, {J. L.} and Wu, {D. S.} and Wysocki, {D. M.} and L. Xiao and H. Yamamoto and Yancey, {C. C.} and L. Yang and Yap, {M. J.} and M. Yazback and Yeeles, {D. W.} and Hang Yu and Haocun Yu and Yuen, {S. H.R.} and M. Yvert and Zadrożny, {A. K.} and M. Zanolin and T. Zelenova and Zendri, {J. P.} and M. Zevin and J. Zhang and L. Zhang and T. Zhang and C. Zhao and M. Zhou and Z. Zhou and Zhu, {X. J.} and Zucker, {M. E.} and J. Zweizig and {LHCb Collaboration}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "20",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/ab113b",
language = "English",
volume = "875",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "2",


Searches for Continuous Gravitational Waves from 15 Supernova Remnants and Fomalhaut b with Advanced LIGO. / LHCb Collaboration.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 875, No. 2, 122, 20.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


T1 - Searches for Continuous Gravitational Waves from 15 Supernova Remnants and Fomalhaut b with Advanced LIGO

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AU - LHCb Collaboration

PY - 2019/4/20

Y1 - 2019/4/20

N2 - We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) from 16 well-localized candidate neutron stars, assuming none of the stars has a binary companion. The searches were directed toward 15 supernova remnants and Fomalhaut b, a directly imaged extrasolar planet candidate that has been suggested to be a nearby old neutron star. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second time derivatives. After coherently integrating spans of data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run of 3.5-53.7 days per search, applying data-based vetoes, and discounting known instrumental artifacts, we found no astrophysical signals. We set upper limits on intrinsic GW strain as strict as 1 ×10-25, fiducial neutron star ellipticity as strict as 2 ×10-9, and fiducial r-mode amplitude as strict as 3 ×10-8.

AB - We describe directed searches for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) from 16 well-localized candidate neutron stars, assuming none of the stars has a binary companion. The searches were directed toward 15 supernova remnants and Fomalhaut b, a directly imaged extrasolar planet candidate that has been suggested to be a nearby old neutron star. Each search covered a broad band of frequencies and first and second time derivatives. After coherently integrating spans of data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run of 3.5-53.7 days per search, applying data-based vetoes, and discounting known instrumental artifacts, we found no astrophysical signals. We set upper limits on intrinsic GW strain as strict as 1 ×10-25, fiducial neutron star ellipticity as strict as 2 ×10-9, and fiducial r-mode amplitude as strict as 3 ×10-8.

KW - gravitational waves

KW - ISM: supernova remnants

KW - stars: neutron

UR -

UR -

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab113b

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab113b

M3 - Article

VL - 875

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 2

M1 - 122

ER -