Second-generation migrants: Europe and the United States

M.R.J. Crul, J. Schneider

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


The public debate about the second generation in Europe has taken a dramatic shift in the last five years. The riots in the banlieues in France, involving mostly Algerian and Moroccan second-generation youth, pitched the cherished republican model into deep crisis. In the Netherlands, arguments about the failure of the country's multicultural society have cited the relatively high number of Dutch Moroccan students who drop out of school and the high crime rate within the Moroccan second generation. In Germany, similar concerns about the Turkish second generation have triggered a debate about the existence of a separate Gesellschaft, composed of almost two million Turks living in a parallel world detached from the wider German society. The debate in the US, in contrast, has been much more dominated by the question of illegal immigrants. Negative associations around the second generation, however, have been mostly around crime and gangs and teenage pregnancy.

Keywords: cross-cultural; cross-cultural; demography and population studies; employment and unemployment; ethnocentrism
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
EditorsI. Ness, P. Bellwood
Place of PublicationWiley Online Library
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
ISBN (Print)9781444351071
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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