Sex differences in longitudinal pathways from parenting to delinquency

Heleen J. Janssen*, Veroni I. Eichelsheim, Maja Deković, Gerben J.N. Bruinsma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In the current study, we examined longitudinally whether boys and girls differed in pathways from parenting to delinquency. Longitudinal mediational models were tested for boys and girls separately in which three parenting dimensions (i.e., monitoring, limit setting, and the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship) were hypothesized to influence adolescents’ level of self-control, delinquent attitudes, peer delinquency, and time spent in criminogenic settings, which in turn, were hypothesized to affect delinquency. Using data of 603 adolescents (11–17 years of age at T1) we found mean level differences between boys and girls in parental monitoring, parental limit-setting, self-control, delinquent attitudes, and peer delinquency. The results suggest furthermore that the model linking parenting to delinquency is similar for boys and girls. We found, however, that the indirect effect from the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship through self-control is stronger for girls than for boys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-521
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescent delinquency
  • Criminogenic settings
  • Gender differences
  • Parenting
  • Peer delinquency
  • Self-control


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