Sex-specific effects of naturally occurring variants in the dopamine receptor D2 locus on insulin secretion and Type 2 diabetes susceptibility

B. Guigas, J. de Leeuw van Weenen, N. van Leeuwen, A.M.C. Bik-Simonis, T.W. van Haeften, G. Nijpels, J.J. Houwing-Duistermaat, M. Beekman, J. Deelen, L.M. Havekes, B.W.J.H. Penninx, N. Vogelzangs, E. van 't Riet, A. Dehghan, A. Hofman, J.C. Witteman, A.G. Uitterlinden, N. Grarup, T. Jørgensen, D.R. WitteT. Lauritzen, T. Hansen, O. Pedersen, J.J. Hottenga, J.A. Romijn, M. Diamant, M.H.H. Kramer, R.J. Heine, G. Willemsen, J.M. Dekker, E.M.W. Eekhoff, H. Pijl, E.J.C. de Geus, P.E. Slagboom, L.M. 't Hart

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: Modulation of dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) activity affects insulin secretion in both rodents and isolated pancreatic β-cells. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms in the DRD2/ANKK1 locus may affect susceptibility to Type 2 diabetes in humans. Methods: Four potentially functional variants in the coding region of the DRD2/ANKK1 locus (rs1079597, rs6275, rs6277, rs1800497) were genotyped and analysed for Type 2 diabetes susceptibility in up to 25 000 people (8148 with Type 2 diabetes and 17687 control subjects) from two large independent Dutch cohorts and one Danish cohort. In addition, 340 Dutch subjects underwent a 2-h hyperglycaemic clamp to investigate insulin secretion. Since sexual dimorphic associations related to DRD2 polymorphisms have been previously reported, we also performed a gender-stratified analysis. Results: rs1800497 at the DRD2/ANKK1 locus was associated with a significantly increased risk for Type 2 diabetes in women (odds ratio 1.14 (1.06-1.23); P = 4.1*10
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1008
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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