Sexual hygiene: Dutch reflections on the adolescent body in the early twentieth century

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Around 1900, interest in adolescence as a separate and crucial phase in human development increased among psychologists, educators and youth workers in the western world. This paper reviews the relation between adolescence and sexuality in the early twentieth century from a Dutch perspective. In the 1920s pedagogues started to study adolescence. The Amsterdam professor Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm was a pioneer in developing a pedagogical approach (instead of a clinical approximation) to understand adolescence and sexuality. For Kohnstamm, sexual health education had to be part of moral teaching. He stressed the importance of sex education at an early stage, for body and mind are connected to such an extent that a separation will result in the depersonalisation of man. Kohnstamm’s work reflected the ideas of the European intellectual elites of his time regarding the sexual morals and manners of the working class.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalHistory of Education
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

hygiene
adolescence
twentieth century
adolescent
sexuality
youth worker
depersonalization
sex education
Western world
psychologist
working class
health promotion
elite
university teacher
educator
Sexual
Hygiene
Adolescence
Teaching
Sexuality

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • corporality
  • psychoanalysis
  • puberty
  • Sex education

Cite this

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Sexual hygiene : Dutch reflections on the adolescent body in the early twentieth century. / Exalto, John.

In: History of Education, 27.02.2019, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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