Shifting modes of service delivery in Dutch local government

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Analyzing shifts in the delivery mode of 12 municipal services
between 2010 and 2018, in about 41% of the observations, shifts
took place, with 54% toward outside production and 46% toward
inside production. In the physical domain, most shifts were to
cooperation, whereas in the operational domain reverse privatization
and also cooperatization are dominant trends. Based on logit
models, for services with high asset specificity, we find a lower
likelihood of change, whereas for services with high measurement
difficulty, we find a higher likelihood of change to outside and
away from in-house, and a lower likelihood of change to inside.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Economic Policy Reform
Issue number3
Early online date28 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2021


  • Asset specificity
  • Measurement difficulty
  • Remunicipalization
  • Service delivery modes
  • Shifts


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