Sibling Configuration as a Moderator of the Effectiveness of a Theory of Mind Training in Children with Autism: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Danielle M J de Veld, Anke M Scheeren, Patricia Howlin, Elske Hoddenbach, Fleur Mulder, Imke Wolf, Sander Begeer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This RCT investigated whether participants' sibling configuration moderated the effect of a Theory of Mind (ToM) intervention for children with autism. Children with autism aged 8-13 years (n = 141) were randomized over a waitlist control or treatment condition. Both having more siblings, as well as having an older sibling were related to better outcomes on measures of ToM-related behavior and social cognition, but not ToM knowledge or autistic features in general. The finding that these associations were limited to practical skills addressed in the intervention, seems to indicate that having more siblings and having an older sibling provides enhanced opportunities for children with autism to practice taught skills in the home environment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Aug 2020

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