Social Comparison Preferences among Cancer Patients as Related to Neuroticism and Social Comparison Orientation

K.I. Van der Zee, Frans Oldersma, Bram P. Buunk, Dianne Bos

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Effects of neuroticism and social comparison orientation on social comparison among cancer patients were examined. A computer program that enabled patients to access information about fellow patients' disease-related experiences was developed. Patients selected more interviews concerning more as compared to less fortunate others, spent more time reading, and showed more favorable reactions to such information. Individuals with a strong comparison orientation in particular tended to engage in and to respond to social comparison. Neuroticism was associated with higher interest in social comparison and with less favorable reactions, regardless of its direction. High-neurotic individuals reacted more positively to upward than to downward comparisons, whereas the reactions of low-neurotic individuals were unaffected by comparison direction. The latter effect was replicated using a general affect measure, but solely among individuals with a strong comparison orientation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-810
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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neuroticism
cancer
Neoplasms
Access to Information
Reading
Software
Interviews
Neuroticism
data processing program
Disease
Direction compound
interview

Cite this

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title = "Social Comparison Preferences among Cancer Patients as Related to Neuroticism and Social Comparison Orientation",
abstract = "Effects of neuroticism and social comparison orientation on social comparison among cancer patients were examined. A computer program that enabled patients to access information about fellow patients' disease-related experiences was developed. Patients selected more interviews concerning more as compared to less fortunate others, spent more time reading, and showed more favorable reactions to such information. Individuals with a strong comparison orientation in particular tended to engage in and to respond to social comparison. Neuroticism was associated with higher interest in social comparison and with less favorable reactions, regardless of its direction. High-neurotic individuals reacted more positively to upward than to downward comparisons, whereas the reactions of low-neurotic individuals were unaffected by comparison direction. The latter effect was replicated using a general affect measure, but solely among individuals with a strong comparison orientation.",
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Social Comparison Preferences among Cancer Patients as Related to Neuroticism and Social Comparison Orientation. / Van der Zee, K.I.; Oldersma, Frans; Buunk, Bram P.; Bos, Dianne.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 75, No. 3, 1998, p. 801-810.

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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