Sociobiological factors of physical development of children at birth: Maternal smoking during pregnancy and social environment

R. J. Muhamedrahimov, L. A. Tsvetkova, N. A. Antonova, I. A. Arintcina, E. A. Vershinina, Yu V. Mikhailova, O. Yu Naumova, Veronika Viktorovna Odintsova*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective of the research: To study the effect of maternal smoking on the physical state (PS) of children without parental care and living in the family of biological parents, at birth - Apgar score and anthropometric characteristics (weight, height, head and chest circumference). Materials and methods: The retrospective study included 160 children: 31 children without parental care, and 129 from the biological family. Data on the child’s PS and maternal smoking experience were obtained from the child’s medical record or mother’s questioning. Data statistical analysis included simple distributions calculation and three-factor analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: At the time of birth, children transferred to the orphanage had lower PS values compared to children living in the family if mother had smoking experience. No connection was found between Apgar score values at the 5th minute after birth and maternal smoking, newborn's gender and his further living conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-207
Number of pages7
JournalPediatriya - Zhurnal im G.N. Speranskogo
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anthropometric characteristics
  • Apgar score
  • Children without parental care
  • Physical development of children
  • Smoking during pregnancy

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