Sociodemographic Differences in Time Trends of Suicidal Thoughts and Suicide Attempts among Adolescents Living in Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Time Trends of Suicidal Behaviors among Adolescents

Cornelia Leontine Van Vuuren*, Marcel Franciscus Van Der Wal, Pim Cuijpers, Mai Jeanette Maidy Chinapaw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents are major public health problems. More insight into secular changes in suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents from various sociodemographic groups is crucial for adequate and targeted policy-making and prevention. We therefore examined 5-year time trends in suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents and potential differences in time trends between sociodemographic groups. Methods: Logistic regression analyses were based on annually repeated cross-sectional data including 26,273 multi-ethnic students (13 14 years old) in the second year of various levels of secondary education in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Results: Overall, the prevalence of adolescents in Amsterdam with suicidal thoughts decreased from 17.6% during 2010 2011 to 13.2% during 2014 2015. The prevalence of adolescents reporting suicide attempts decreased from 2.9% to 1.9% over the observed 5-year period. We found differences in these time trends between subgroups based on ethnicity and educational level. Limitations: The use of confidential and self-reported data could have biased the results. Conclusion: In order for prevention policy to be effective it is important to pay attention to changes in risk groups for suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-377
Number of pages9
JournalCrisis
Volume42
Issue number5
Early online date26 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Hogrefe Publishing GmbH. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • sociodemographic factors
  • suicidal thoughts
  • suicide attempt
  • time trends

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